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Grounds & Drainage - We check the grounds for proper grading and drainage away from the house, vegetation in contact with or close to the structure that could cause damage (i.e. shrubs or tree branches in contact with the house or roof) and soil in contact with anything other than the foundation.

Foundation & Structure - foundation walls, including the view from interior unfinished basements and crawlspaces and report observed indications of cracking, settling, and active water infiltration. We look for shrinkage cracks, settling cracks, cracks caused by root or back-fill damage, step cracks and how they affect floor level as well as interior door and window framing. We inspect structural components such as rafters, trusses, joists, sub-flooring, and framing and report on any observed cutting and notching of framing members that may, in the inspector’s opinion, present a structural compromise or safety concern.

Exterior - We inspect all utility meters and shutoffs for easy access. We inspect the siding, flashing, soffit, fascia, window frames, exterior doors, stairs/steps, and decks/balconies.

Roofing & Chimney - When safety conditions permit we will walk on the roof to inspect the condition of the roof covering, gutters, downspouts, vents, flashing, skylights, chimney and other roof penetrations. 

Attic & Ventilation - We inspect the attic for access, insulation, roof sheathing condition, moisture, roof penetrations, pests, electrical and structural members. We check for proper and adequate ventilation and report on the general absence or lack of insulation and ventilation in the attic.

Crawlspace/Basement - We check the crawlspace for access, insulation, vapor barrier, plumbing, duct work, ventilation, and electrical components. We comment on water infiltration, inadequate structural supports, and overall condition of the space.

Interior - We inspect walls, ceilings, floors, windows, doors, handrails, cabinets, counter tops, and other storage areas. We also inspect the garage including firewalls, mechanical door openers, and safety devices.

Appliances - We operate and inspect appliances that are present and deemed permanently installed by the inspector. These include but are not limited to stove, oven, built in microwave, dishwasher, refrigerator, garbage disposal, and trash compactor. We report on the overall condition and any existing defects present.

Plumbing - We locate the main water shutoff, inspect and run all accessible plumbing components (i.e., water supply piping, manifolds, drain piping, sinks, drains, bath tubs, showers, and toilets) and note leaks, low pressure, clogged drains, loose or leaking toilets. We point out any visible fuel storage systems and sump pumps as well as plumbing gas related plumbing including piping, shutoffs, and gas valves.

Water Heater - We examine the water heater enclosure, heating system, exhaust piping, strapping, and relief valve piping. We report on the and overall condition, making note of excessive wear and leaking.

Electrical - We inspect the electrical line coming into the house, the main disconnect, and determine the rating of the service amperage. We inspect panels, breakers and fuses, the service grounding and bonding, all switches, receptacles, light fixtures and GFCI/AFCI receptacles. We report on receptacles in which power is not present, polarity is incorrect, the receptacle is not grounded, or secured to the wall, the cover is not in place, the ground fault circuit interrupter devices are not properly installed or do not operate properly, or evidence of arcing or excessive heat is present. We inspect the panel and service entrance conductors.  We report the absence of smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors and the presence of solid conductor aluminum branch circuit wiring if readily visible.

Heating & Cooling - We inspect the heating/cooling system using normal operating controls and report any deficiencies detected. We list the energy source and the type and brand of HVAC equipment. We check the visible distribution methods for inadequacies, the visible venting methods for improper installations and report on the age and overall condition  of the HVAC system.

For a list of ASHI Standards of Practice for Home Inspectors click the link below.

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